New York Jewish Rabbis Have Now Infected 14 Babies with Herpes After Sucking Their Penis

New York Rabbis Have Now Infected 14 Babies with Herpes After Sucking Their Penis

We have just learned that babies infected with herpes as part of metzitzah b’peh, a controversial circumcision rite performed by many ultra-Orthodox Rabbis has just reached 14.

During the circumcision rite the Rabbi sucks the blood from the penis after the foreskin has been cut, a rite that is still exposing children to herpes. The strangest part of this story has been the lack of involvement from the Office of Child Protection which has yet to confirm if the department is enforcing the parental consent form.

Since we last brought you this story more babies have been infected according to Jewish Daily Forward.

As Investigated for the Jewish Daily Forward:

New York City has denied a second attempt by the Jewish Daily Forward to obtain information about consent forms gathered under a regulation that warns parents about metzitzah b’peh, a controversial circumcision rite.

The city also refuses to say whether such forms even exist.

A regulation that came into force at the beginning of 2013 compels mohels to have parents sign a health department form warning that mohels can transmit herpes to infants during MBP, as the rite is often known.

During the rite, the mohel places his mouth on the infant’s penis to suction blood from the circumcision wound.

The health department says 14 infants have been infected in the city as a result of MBP since 2000. Two of those babies died and at least two others suffered brain damage.

MBP is practiced mostly by ultra-Orthodox mohels and is most prevalent in New York’s ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods.

Under the health department regulations, mohels must keep a copy of the consent forms, signed by an infant’s parents, for the first year after a circumcision with MBP is performed.

As the Forward reported recently, some ultra-Orthodox mohelsrefuse to comply with the city’s regulation.

Since the health department began enforcing the regulation, the city says two babies have been infected with herpes after undergoing MBP.

In February, 2014, the Forward filed a request under New York State’s Freedom of Information Law, asking if the city had ever asked a mohel to provide a copy of a signed consent form and, if so, from how many mohels the city has requested forms.

The Forward also asked to see copies of consent forms with the parents’ names redacted.

The city denied the request in March, while refusing to say whether the health department had ever collected such forms.

“While not acknowledging whether the Department has requested or received any consent forms,” the city’s legal counsel wrote, releasing such forms would constitute an “invasion of privacy” and a violation of the city’s health code.

The Forward appealed the city’s decision on March 26.

Although the city was required under the state’s Freedom of Information Law to respond within 10 business days, it did not respond until about 20 business days later.

On April 23, an article appeared on the Forward’s websitehighlighting the city’s silence. That same day, the city denied the Forward’s appeal.

The health department’s legal counsel wrote that under Freedom of Information Law, the city is not required to reveal whether it has or has not collected certain information.

But, the counsel continued, if the city has collected consent forms from mohels they would be “confidential” and cannot be released.

(Source: Pimp Preacher)

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Mehmed the conqueror, the lawgiver and the founder

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One of the most influential emperors of all time, Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror conquered then-Byzantine capital Constantinople and opened a new era in world history

The early modern era of Europe had a complicated state of affairs with the rationalization of power in the setting of multiple empires. As the bureaucracies of clashing empires applied more rational methods to doing business, the imperial mythology that governed them became irrational. The rationale and intelligence of European leaders from the 15th century to the 17th century served as a way to gain more power.

The dawning of the 15th century brought the premature early fall of the Ottoman Beylik, as Bayezid I suffered a severe loss to Tamerlane at the Battle of Ankara, and his sons fought each other for the next decade over who would ascend to the throne. However, by the mid-15th century, the Ottomans had destroyed the great Byzantine Empire and conquered its capital, the empire city of Constantinople (present-day Istanbul). How could this happen?

Two major sultans and their bureaucrats should be praised for this rise to power. Murad II was the first of his successors, who was a perfect warrior that defeated his enemies in battle. His successor and son, Mehmed II, is revered for his reputation as the conqueror of Istanbul. Yet, the conquest of Istanbul alone does not explain the success of Mehmed the Conqueror by itself. Not only an ambitious fighting sultan but also a conscious patron of sciences and the arts, Mehmed the Conqueror had greater ambitions to rule the entire world.

Making of a conqueror

Mehmed II was born on March 29, 1432, as the son of Ottoman Sultan Murad II and Hüma Sultan, who was a slave in the harem of the sultan in Edirne, the former capital city of the Ottoman State. Hüma Sultan’s origin is widely disputed; some historians think that she was a French princess, while some others claim that she came from a noble Italian family. Regardless of her heritage, she was a slave girl in the harem of Murad II who gave birth to the greatest conqueror in Turkish history. Like other princes, Mehmed II was sent to the small towns of Anatolia to learn how to be a ruler: first travelling to Amasya and later Saruhan (now called Manisa). Molla Gürani, one of the most significant Islamic scholars in Ottoman history, was responsible for the education of the shahzadeh. Mehmed II was talented when it came to learning. Not only did he learn how to rule, but also how to read, write and speak various languages, including Arabic, Persian, Latin, Greek and Italian. The notebook of Mehmed II, which is kept in the Topkapı Palace Museum, depicts drawings of human figures and writings in several languages.

An unhappy enthronement

Mehmed II was first enthroned in 1444 as the result of his father’s voluntary abdication from the throne. Murat II was a great warrior and defeated all of his enemies in the East and the West before settling final agreements on the borders of his state. However, Mehmed was only a child, and the bureaucrats and warriors around his throne were in dispute about continuing works. Furthermore, the Crusaders and the eastern beyliks found this an opportunity to attack the Ottomans. Eventually, in 1446, under orders from Çandarlı Halil Pasha, the representative of the balance policies, Murad II took the throne back from his son and resumed campaigns against his enemies.

Mehmed II could have decided to become a greater conqueror than his father, and I believe that he felt frustrated when Halil Pasha called his father back to the throne. Murad II calmed the eastern and western borders of the state with the power of his army and died in 1451.

Mehmed II, 19 years old, replaced him and began his reign. The young Mehmed needed to make a great move to make his second rule indisputable. So, he decided to conquer Constantinople, the capital city of the old Byzantine Empire. In fact, Turks had conquered the majority of the Byzantine lands, and the Empire throne in Constantinople was just a political card played by the Ottomans and Europe mutually.

Halil Pasha advised Mehmed to continue the status quo, while the young and ambitious Sultan didn’t like this approach. So, he sided with the grand ghazi pashas — mainly Zağanos Pasha – who believed that conquering Constantinople was of crucial importance for the Ottomans.

Conquest of paradise

Constantinople was conquered on May 29, 1453, after a two-month siege. During the siege, the sultan, viziers and pashas faced controversies that cost Halil Pasha his head. Young Mehmed had such a focused character that anyone who aimed to prevent him from reaching his goal would pay for it. After the conquest of Constantinople, Mehmed II began to re-establish the old capital. He bought Hagia Sophia and converted it into an Islamic mosque. He also called on scholars and artists from across the old world. He opened an eight-part madrasa called Sahnı Seman in the new capital to promote the teaching of Islamic sciences.

The lawmaker Mehmed II ruled for 30 more years after his second ascension to the throne and conquered many lands, including the Anatolian region, the Black Sea region, the islands in the Aegean Sea, Morea, Bosnia and Serbia, Wallachia (a part of present day Romania), Crimea and even some parts of Italy. Despite these fascinating victories of war, as a mature sultan Mehmed II was more of a lawmaker than a warrior. Furthermore, his ambition regarding science, technology, culture and the arts should also be taken into consideration when portraits depicting him are drawn. Some historians think that he might have had early secular tendencies since he ordered an oil painting to be made of himself, painted by the famous Italian painter Cellini. He gathered eastern and western artists and scholars in his court, supported technologic innovations and more. Mehmed II fancied himself as the greatest conqueror in the history of humanity. Many Turkish sultans were raised hearing of the great conquests of Alexander the Great. So, it was normal for Mehmed II to want to be the ruler of the entire world. Indeed, he was a great one.

Beyond Islamic tolerance, Mehmed the Conqueror showed widespread tolerance to the Christian minorities of the Ottoman State, especially Orthodox religious sects in İstanbul. Undoubtedly, this served two purposes. First, he ruled a vast empire that included many minorities, and Islamic law allowed him to give these minorities enough tolerance to gain their hearts and collect taxes from them. Second, he used the tolerance policy over the Ottoman minorities against the European forces. His final ambition was to conquer all of Europe. He gave his grandsons the task of achieving this goal, and they half succeeded.

Mehmed II died in 1481 after conducting great wars and making laws for three decades. His body was buried in his tomb in the court of Fatih (“the Conqueror”) Mosque in old İstanbul.

Selim the Grim, the protector of two sacred cities and the first of the Ottoman caliphs

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Sultan Selim I by an unknown European painter

Father of Süleiman the Magnificient, Selim I was a stern, determined sultan, the protector of the sacred cities Mecca and Medina and the ruler who brought the caliphate to the Ottoman Empire

The history of military coups in the land that is now Turkey begins with that of Sultan Selim I who, together with his comrades, the invincible janissaries, dethroned his father, Sultan Bayezid II. Indeed, the early 16th century was a period when armed forces began to determine the fate of empires all around Europe and the Middle East. European empires were in a race of colonial expantion in Africa, the Americas and the Far East while the Ottomans, Safavids and Mamluks fought military campaigns against each other for dominance in the Middle East, North Africa and the Caucasus.

Selim I is known as “the grim” due to his power, doughtiness and firmness against the Muslim and non-Muslim rivals of the Ottoman Empire. His grandfather Mehmed the Conqueror won great wars in order to capture as much territory as possible, while Bayezid II, son of Mehmed and father of Selim I, preferred to follow a policy of fortification rather than continuing exhausting wars.

Like many historians, I also believe that the policy of peace favored by Bayezid II, known as “the saint” thanks to his religious piety, was right in historical terms, popular feeling was not supportive of Bayezid’s rational, non-heroic attitude. Thus, Bayezid II was dethroned in 1512 by his own son after 31 years of peaceful and prudent rule. Selim I widened the territory of the Ottoman Empire by two-and-a-half, making it about 6.5 million square kilometers.

Selim’s early years

Selim I was born on Oct. 10, 1470, in Amasya, to Bayezid II, the ruling sultan, and Gülbahar Hatun (Ayşe Hatun to some sources), daughter of Alauddevle Bozkurt of the Dulkadir Beylik. He was the youngest of the sultan’s eight sons. However, five of them died during their father’s rule, leaving just Ahmed, Korkud and Selim.

Ahmed was the governor of Saruhan – today’s Manisa -Bozkurd was the governor of Amasya and Selim that of Trabzon. According to the Ottoman administrative tradition, the governorships of such provinces was the apprenticeship of shahzades for the throne and the three brothers were racing to gain power.

Selim was appointed governor of Trabzon upon Bayezid II’s accession in 1481 when his grandfather, Mehmed the Conqueror, died. Selim governed Trabzon for 29 years until he left for the Crimea where he met his son Süleyman in 1510.

Selim liked action. He realized that the Turkmens were unsatisfied with the state and were inclining toward the Safavid Shah Ismail. So he decided to help win the hearts of the Turkmens by warring against the Georgians in Caucasia. Without his father’s consent, Selim conquered such provinces as Kars, Erzurum and Artvin. Also he did not keep the war booty for the state, distributing it to the Turkmens to gain their loyalty.

A fight and pact for the throne

There was a clash for the throne among the three shahzades and their heirs in the later years of Bayezid II’s reign. Ahmed and Korkud were closer to the throne than Selim, both physically and mentally. Ahmed was serious and calm loved by prominent statesmen in Istanbul. They saw Selim as violent and imprudent. Indeed, the civil bureaucracy and armed forces were in dispute, with Ahmed as the representative of the former and Selim backed by the latter. Selim went to Crimea and asked his father for more territories to rule. Bayezid added Kefe to Trabzon for his son to rule, but Selim refused the messenger him and began marching to the Ottoman territories in the Balkans.

Meanwhile, Ahmed, the Amasya governor, asked his father to execute of Selim and Korkud, his rival brothers, but he refused. Selim continued marching toward Istanbul and Bayezid soon led an army against him, with the two meeting at Çukurçayır in the Balkans. Selim and Bayezid both ordered their armies to not move unless the opposing army did so. As a result, there occurred no clash and Bayezid signed a pact saying that he would not announce any heir apparent to the throne, which meant that he would leave the throne to the one who could overthrow his brothers.

Meanwhile, Safavid forces were threatening the Ottoman throne. They defeated the Ottoman army once in Anatolia and Bayezid decided to abdicate, calling for a meeting with his fellow statesmen. The majority of statesmen favored Ahmed for the throne. Therefore, Bayezid called for Ahmed to be brought to Istanbul. Learning that his father broke the pact he had signed before, Selim marched once more on his father’s army. However, Bayezid defeated Selim and Selim fled to Crimea.

Ahmed was now the heir apparent to the throne. But the janissaries did not want Ahmed as sultan. They carried out a coup obliging Bayezid to announce Selim as his heir. Bayezid announced Selim sultan and invited him to Istanbul. In 1512, Selim I became the sultan, dethroning his father.

Selim the winner

Selim marched toward Safavid Shah İsmail in 1514, defeating him at Çaldıran. The shah’s forces were more mobile than the Ottoman army, but the Ottomans were better organized and had early-modern weapons such as heavy artillery, gun powder and muskets.

After the battle of Çaldıran, İsmail fled wounded, and Selim entered Tabriz in triumph. Thus, Selim won the first round in the clash between the Ottoman Empire and the dynasties of Persia.

The two leaders, Selim and İsmail, are famous for their sarcastic and challenging style. İsmail is said to have sent a pen and some ink to Selim, implying that he was an ignorant person, while Selim sent 10 barrels of wine to İsmail, implying that he was a drunk.

Selim also conquered the Dulkadir Beylik since it refused to help him against the Safavids. Kurds led by İdris of Bitlis announced their loyalty to Selim and helped add Diyarbakır and Mesopotamia to the Ottoman Empire. Kurds were Shafi Sunni Muslims, and as the leader of Hanafi Sunni Muslims, Selim supported them against Shiites.

The Mamluk sultan also backed the Safavids and refused to help Selim in battle. Indeed, the Mamluk sultan was planning to gain from the clash between Selim and İsmail. However, after Selim’s rather easy victory he turned to Egypt and defeated the Mamluk sultan.

In 1516 and 1517, Selim conquered Syria, Egypt and all of North Africa, save Morocco. All these successes, according to historians, depended on Selim’s realist and populist policies, that included decreasing taxes for villagers, conserving domestic traditions, delicately adjusting power in the conquered lands and praising the values of Sunni Islam and Sufism.

Destroying the Mamluk dynasty, Selim became the heir of Abbasid Caliphate. He accepted the title of the protector of the two sacred cities, Mecca and Medina, and became the first Ottoman caliph in history.

After his magnificent conquest of the Middle East, Selim planned to continue his march toward west. However, he died in August 1520. Selim was a great warrior and talented poet, and he liked to protect and support scientific and religious scholars.

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Süleyman I: Sultan of three continents

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Known as Süleyman the Magnificent in the West, Sultan Süleyman I, who stayed in power for 46 years, was known as ‘the Lawgiver’ in the east for his just administration of a huge empire that stretched to the Persian Gulf

The archetype for sultans in the Islamic tradition is Solomon. His magnificence, justice and gifts have inspired countless narratives in Arabic, Turkish and Persian in both literature and history.

According to the Quran, Solomon is a divinely appointed monarch employed as a legitimacy model for all those who claimed to be sultan by godly decision. Many Muslim monarchs were referred to by their fellow propagandists as “the shadows of God on earth.”

Thus, the fact that Sultan Selim I, who was involved in a power struggle with the Safavid dynasty of Persia, named his only surviving son Süleyman, the Turkish version of the name, is meaningful. Süleyman I was born to become the magnificent sultan of the Ottoman Empire, which was then the rising sun of Anatolia with territory on the three continents of Europe, Asia and Africa.

The lawgiver or the magnificent

Süleyman is known as “the lawgiver” in the Middle East due to his attempts to transform law and order in Ottoman legal and administrative systems and as “the magnificent” in the West because the richness of the Ottoman Empire in his time. He ruled from 1520 to 1566. He was the 10th and longest-ruling Ottoman sultan.

Historians mention two birth dates for Süleyman. Some think that he was born on Nov. 4, 1494 while others claim his real birth date is April 29, 1495. However, the place of Süleyman’s birth is known. He was born in Trabzon on the Black Sea coast, as his father Selim I was governor of the province.

Süleyman’s mother, Ayşe Hafsa Sultan, was the daughter of Menli Giray of the Crimea Khanate. Being noble on both sides and the only son of Selim, Süleyman was a direct heir to the Ottoman throne.

Early life and education

At age seven, Süleyman was sent to Enderun, which was the highest-level school in Topkapı Palace in Istanbul, to learn along with the sons of top bureaucrats. Enderun was like an imperial college for the Ottomans. Süleyman is known to have studied the sciences, Islam, literature and poetry, history and strategy. He became fluent in six languages: Ottoman, Arabic, Serbian, Chaghatai, Persian and Urdu. Süleyman’s tutors noted both his studious nature and his bravery from an early age.

Therefore, he should have been one of the best-educated persons of his time. He would show this both in war and peace time because he was not only an invincible conqueror, but also a good poet. During his reign he welcomed scientists, Islamic scholars and many artists and poets to the palace.

Süleyman had such a winning personality that he established friendships with many geniuses in his empire, including Sheikh al-Islam Ebussuud Efendi, the poet Baki Efendi, the great architect Mimar Sinan and Admiral Piri Reis who were all known as masters of their crafts.

Before and after accession

Süleyman returned to Trabzon at 15 before he was appointed as governor of Kefe province. He was also a governor in two other provinces, Manisa and Edirne (Adrianople).

Selim died in 1520 and Süleyman ascended to the throne without any objection. Unlike his father and grandfather, Süleyman did not have to deal with any other claimants to the throne. He was left a great empire that spanned three continents.

Selim had ruled very successfully and left his son in a remarkably secure position. The janissaries were at the height of their usefulness, the Mamluks had been defeated and the Ottomans had humbled the maritime power of Venice as well as the Safavid Empire. Selim also left his son a powerful navy, a first for an Ottoman ruler.

Süleyman is said to have greatly admired Alexander the Great and wanted to establish a world empire like Alexander. He showed no hesitation when starting a military campaign in his first year on the throne. In 1521, Süleyman and the invincible Ottoman army began marching over Europe. In August 1521, Süleyman captured Belgrade, which was like a bridge for his later conquests in Central Europe.

Conquest of Central Europe

Süleyman is known to have led 13 major military campaigns and spent about 10 years at war during his 46-year reign.

After the conquest of Belgrade, Süleyman defeated the Hospitallers, who pirated Ottoman ships from their position on the island of Rhodes. He sent a powerful navy and conquered Rhodes in 1522.

In 1526, a great battle was fought in the Mohac basin between the Ottoman and Hungarian armies. Süleyman defeated Louis II of Hungary. Louis was

killed on the battlefield. After that, Süleyman backed John Zapolyo for the Hungarian throne. However, the Hapsburgs attacked Hungary and put Ferdinand on the throne.

In 1529, Süleyman once more marched over Hungary, took Buda back and besieged Vienna, the Hapsburg capital. The city survived, and Süleyman ended the siege. The Hapsburg-Ottoman wars continued for years, yielding no significant victory for either side.

Conquest of ‘the two Iraqs’

There were two Iraqs for the Ottomans: Persian Iraq, which is now mostly Iran, and Arabian Iraq. Süleyman marched on these two Iraqs between 1533 and 1536 to overcome the Safavid threat from the east. Eventually, Süleyman conquered Baghdad and Tabriz.

Süleyman’s admirals conquered many places in the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean. The Ottoman Empire was warring and competing with the other global sea powers of the East and the West, including the Mughals, the Portuguese and the Hapsburgs. Ottoman conquests reached Indonesia to the east and Tunis to the west.

A very sad event occurred in 1553. For political reasons, Süleyman had his son Mustafa executed by suffocation. This was the first time people began murmuring about grand viziers, great commanders and the sultan himself during. Yahya, an epic poet and a janissary, even wrote an elegy for Shahzadeh Mustafa, which blames the grand vizier for the execution.

Hürrem, İbrahim and death of a sultan

Süleyman’s relations with Hurrem, one of his consorts, and İbrahim, the grand vizier, have been subjects of great curiosity. Since both were of Christian origin and converted to Islam, some people for some conspiracy in Hurrem or İbrahim. Historical facts show that Süleyman loved Hurrem and protected her, and he was good with İbrahim to some extent. However, he was strict in his absolute rule. Hurrem was dearest to him, and İbrahim was his best advisor, yet he showed no hesitation to have İbrahim executed, as his policy required. And if Ottoman tradition allowed executing the sultan’s consort for political reasons, Süleyman certainly would not have hesitated in doing that either.

Süleyman saw many things during his reign, but the worst I suppose was to see his sons executed, one by himself and one by another son. He had Mustafa executed, and Selim had Bayezid executed. Old age brought Süleyman more sorrow than joy.

Süleyman, the magnificent and the lawgiver, died on Sept. 5, 1566 during a military campaign in Hungary. Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmet Pasha kept his death secret in order not to affect the morale of the janissaries who were to conquer an important castle.

Sultan Süleyman I lived and died a great warrior.

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