Ten things which awaken TAQWA

There are ten things which awaken Taqwa (Fear of Allah):

 

  1. Fear of punishment in the next life;

 

  1. Fear [of punishment] in this life;

 

  1. Hope of worldly reward;

 

  1. Hope of the reward of the next world;

 

  1. Fear of the reckoning;

 

  1. Shyness and bashfulness before the gaze of Allah, and this is the station of fearful watchfulness [muraqabah];

 

  1. Showing gratitude for His blessings by obeying Him;

 

  1. Knowledge, because of His words, “They only fear Allah, of His slaves, the ones who have knowledge”;

 

  1. Exalting and honouring His majesty, and it is the station of awe;
  2. Sincerity in love for Allah.

Source: Al-Kalbi, Ibn Juzayy. Kitabu-t Tashil li ‘Ulumu-t Tanzil. Trans. Abdassamad Clarke. Unpublished.

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