The Musalsalat in Ḥadīth: Linking the Present to the Past

The Musalsalat in Ḥadīth: Linking the Present to the Past
A Treatise on Definition, Value, Significance and Categories of
Al-Aḥādīth Al-Musalsalah

By:
The Very Insignificant Slave of His Lord
Shihabuddīn Abu Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn As-Sayyid Sa‘d
Al-Ḥasani Al-Azhari Ash-Shāfi‘ī Ash-Shadhilī
Dhul-Hijjah 1432 – November 2011

IHSAN Publications
London

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious Most Merciful

Introduction:

At a time when a lot of people claim following the Prophet ^ , it is very important to know that trying to benefit hisUmmah is one of the ways for being good and connected to him. He ^ said: ‘The best of people are those who are most beneficial to people.’[1] And as narrated by Ibn ‘Umar that a man came to the Messenger of Allah ^ and asked: O Messenger of Allah, who is the most beloved by Allah amongst people and which action is the most beloved to Allah? He ^ said: ‘Of people, the most beloved by Allah are those with the most benefit to people and the most beloved action to Allah is to make a Muslim happy, relieve him from a plight, pay a debt on his behalf or to protect him from hunger (i.e. by feeding him) and it is dearer to me to accompany a brother to fulfil his need than to seclude myself in this mosque i.e. the Mosque of Madinah for a month. And whoever withholds his anger, Allah will cover his faults and whoever holds back his rage which he is able to let go, Allah will fill his heart with serenity on the day of resurrection and whoever accompanies his brother to fulfil his need, Allah will make him firm on the  path on the day when feet will slip.’[2]

With this in mind, it is important to revive the blessed sunnah of the scholars of the past who used to link theUmmah with its Prophet ^ through holding gatherings narrate his aḥādīth, especially those known as Al-Musalsalātor Al-Aḥādīth Al-Musalsalah (pl. Musalsal) as these aḥādīth link people to the person of the Prophet ^ in all his states. If being beneficial to people and removing distress from them are two great deeds, then what is more beneficial than teaching people about their Messenger ^ and removing them from the distress of ignorance. Imam Ibn Majah reports that the Prophet ^ said: ‘Whoever revives a sunnah of mine that has been deserted after me, will get a reward equal to that given to whoever follows it amongst people and that will diminish nothing of their reward.’[3]

It is with this intention that this paper is written to provide an understanding of one of the topics of the science ofḥadīth, inspire students of knowledge to explore, learn and spread such aḥādīth and try to strengthen their link with the Prophet ^ through this. This paper is also written with the intention of creating a sense of appreciation for the merit of isnād (chain of transmission), a unique feature of this Ummah which links its generations of scholars, keep it connected to its tradition, keep the religion preserved from intruders and self-claimed “scholars” and revive in the students of knowledge the honour of belonging to great generations of scholars and make them realize their duty. ‘Abdullah ibn Al-Mubārak said: “Al-Isnād (to mention and narrate the chain of narrators and be linked to them) and without it, anyone who wanted to say something would have been able to say it.”

The Shaykh of our Shuyūkh As-Sayyid Abul Faḍl ‘Abdullah ibn As-Siddiq Al-Ghumāri said: “For a scholar, the sanadis like a chain that links him to the Prophet ^. Wherever he moves, the chain moves with him and therefore, whoever has been given the chain, his knowledge will be blessed. As for a scholar who has knowledge but does not have such link to the Prophet ^, he will be like a circle that is disconnected from the rest of the chain, whenever he moves, he moves alone. Sooner or later, he will witness how much barakah (blessings) he has lost. This barakah is an immaterial thing that is witnessed on those who are linked to the Prophet ^ and follow his footsteps.

At this day and age, we have been plagued with many self-appointed “scholars” who grew on the surface and stayed without roots and hence without fruits. They continue to lead their followers in the wrong direction because of the lack of this compass of isnād and cause more damage. This paper is, by Allah’s permission, a humble attempt to fix some of this damage.

In this article, we will shed light on:

  1. The definition of al-ḥadīth al-musalsal
  2. The categories and forms of tasalsul
  3. The importance of preserving almusalsalāt
  4. The famous collections of musalsalāt
  5. The virtues and benefits of tasalsul and issues relating to it
  6. How to get the full chain of a musalsal and a conclusion on the topic

  1. 1.     The definition of al-ḥadīth al-musalsal

The linguistic definition: The word musalsal is taken from salsala which means to make a chain in which the rings are connected to each other. Salsal is the sweet and cold water that runs through the throat.

Technically: It is a ḥadīth whose narrators share the same attribute or same state or in which the narration has one state or one attribute. The attributes of the narrators may be verbal or practical and the attributes of the narration may relate to the way of narration, the time of narration or the place of narration. [4]

The difference between the attribute and the state is that while the former is permanent the latter is temporary. This attribute of tasalsul describes the chain obviously not the text of the ḥadīth.

  1. 2.     The categories and forms of al-musalsal

 

At the beginning of his book ‘Al-‘Arūs Al-Majliyyah fi Asānid Al-Ḥadīth Al-Musalsal bil Awwaliyyah’ (The Beautified Bride on the Chains of the Ḥadīth which is Narrated First), Al-Ḥafiz Murtaḍa Az-Zabīdi[5] wrote: “Bear in mind that al-musalsalāt, as mentioned by the ḥuffaẓ, are of various categories; some of them are related to the order of the narration like the one narrated first, some others are related to the time like the one narrated on the day of ‘īd, others are related to the place of the narration like the one narrated at al-multazam, a fourth group are related to the state of the narrator like being alone while narrating from his Shaykh, a fifth group are related to the attribute of the narrators like being a ḥāfiẓ, a jurist, Egyptian, his name is Muḥammad  or his narrating from his father, a sixth group is related to the practical attribute of the narrators like writing the ḥadīth or shaking hands with the student, a seventh group are related to the attribute of the narration like orally…etc and a  final group related to the verbal attribute of the narrator like saying ‘I love you’ or reciting a sūrah.”

In his book At-Taqrīb, Imam An-Nawawi[6] mentions that the attributes and the states of the narrators are either verbal or practical or both. As for the attributes of the narration, they either relate to the formula of delivery (ṣīghat al-adā’), the time or the place of the narration.[7] Imam As-Sakhāwi[8] added another category relating to the date of the narration. Abu ‘Amr ibn Aṣ-Ṣalāḥ[9] noted that these categories are examples and tasalsul is not confined to them only.

With this in mind, we can say that the categories of al-musalsalāt include but to confined to:

1-    The one in which the chain includes a statement said by each narrator: An example of this is the famous ḥadīthnarrated by Mu‘ādh ibn Jabal in which the Prophet ^ said to him: “I love you, so say O Allah enable me to remember You, and thank You and worship You perfectly.” Each narrator said to the one after him: I love you…and then narrated the ḥadīth.

2-    The one in which the chain includes an action done by each narrator: An example of this category is the famousḥadīth of shaking hands in which each narrator shakes hands with the narrator after him. The action goes back throughout the chain to Anas ibn Malik who said: I shook hands with the Prophet ^ and I did not touch silk softer than the palm of the Prophet ^.

3-    The one in which the chain includes a combination of a statement and an action: An example of this category is the ḥadīth which is narrated back to the Prophet ^ where he said: ‘A person will not find the sweetness of faith until he believes in Divine destiny; its good and its evil, its sweet and its bitter.’ The Prophet ^ then held his beardand said: ‘I believe in Divine destiny; its good and its evil, its sweet and its bitter.’

4-    The one in which the chain includes a verbal attribute of the narrators like the ḥadīth in which the narrators read Surat Aṣ-Ṣaff. Ibn Ḥajar[10] said: The most authentic musalsal in the world is the one in which narrators readSurat Aṣ-Ṣaff.[11]

5-     The one in which the chain includes a practical attribute of the narrators like their names, their specialties or their countries the ḥadīth in which all the narrators are ḥuffaẓ or fuqahā’ or their names are Muḥammad or all of them are Egyptians…etc. And the ḥadīth in which all the narrators are ḥuffaẓ and the one in which all the narrators are fuqahā’ are also considered very authentic in terms of tasalsul as noted by Imam As-Suyūṭi.[12]

6-    The one in which the the narration has a specific formula of delivery like a ḥadīth which is narrated with ‘I heard’ all the way back to the Prophet ^.

7-    The one in which the narration has happened at a specific time like the ḥadīth of the day of ‘īd and the ḥadīthabout clipping the nails on Thursday.

8-     The one in which the narration has happened at a specific place like the one narrated by Ibn ‘Abbās on the acceptance of du‘ā’ at al-multazam and him doing du‘ā’ there.

9-    The one in which the narration has happened at a specific date like the famous ḥadīth which is narrated first to every student by his teacher known as ḥadīth al-awwaliyyah.

All these previous categories can actually be classified into a) Aḥādīth in which the state or the attribute is kept in all levels of the chain which is called ‘musalsal tāmm’ and b) Aḥādīth in which the state or the attribute is missed in some levels of the narrators which is known as ‘musalsal nāqiṣ’ or incomplete.

 3.     The importance of preserving al-musalsalāt

In addition to the knowledge such aḥādīth add to the specialists, they are quite important for the preservation of accuracy in the transmission of the ḥadīth, following the example of the Prophet ^ verbally and practically, avoiding any cheating in the narration and this last one happens when the formula of the narration is clear in indicating how the student has received the ḥadīth from his teacher and also requiring a level of specification and focus on issues that may be neglected or overlooked by the narrators (e.g. when the narrators names are the same, it will be required to know who is who) and finally maintaining the chain at a certain level.

Alongside, gathering to narrate such aḥādīth facilitates memorization for students of knowledge and gives them happiness that this Ummah is linked with the blessed chain throughout centuries.

  1. 4.     The Famous collections of musalsalāt

There is more than one 400 ḥadīth musalsal in total.[13] The scholars of ḥadīth have given them focus and care in various ways; some scholars wrote on one adīth only like Al-Ḥāfiẓ Muḥammad Al-Murtaḍa Az-Zabīdi who wrote a commentary on al-musalsal bil awwaliyyah and named it ‘Al-Mirqātul ‘Aliyyah fi Sharḥil Ḥadīthil Musalsali bil Awwaliyyah’ and also wrote on the chains of the same adīth under the title ‘Al-‘Arūs Al-Majliyyah fi Asānid Al-Ḥadīth Al-Musalsal bil Awwaliyyah’. Some other scholars wrote on the classing and explanation of these aḥādīthlike the great historian and narrator ‘Abdul-Ḥafīẓ Al-Fasi Al-Firhī[14] in his book ‘Al-’Āyāt Al-Bayyināt fi Sharḥi wa Takhrījil Aḥādīthil Musalsalāt’.  However, other scholars wrote collections of the musalsalāt they narrate and the earliest collection is Musalsalāt Abi Bakr ibn Shādhān by the great muḥddith Abu Bakr ibn Aḥd ibn Ibrahīm ibn Shādhān ( 298 – 383 AH). Scholars have continued to compile their collections of musalsalāt till this day. One of the very famous contemporary collections is Shaykh Yasīn Al-Fādānī’s[15]Al-‘Ujālah  fil Aḥādīth Al-Musalsalah’.  Among other collections of musalsalātare the following:

  1. Kitabul Musalsalāt or Al-Jawāhir Al-Mukallalah fil Aḥādīthil Musalsalah by Imam Shamsuddīn As-Sakhāwi.
  2. Al- Musalsalāt Al-Kubra and Jiyādul Musalsalāt by Imam Jalaluddīn As-Suyūṭi.
  3. Al-Manāhil As-Salsalah fil Aḥādīthil Musalsalah by Muḥammad  ibn ‘Abdil-Wāḥid Al-Ayyūbi (d. 1364 AH)
  4. Al-Fawā’id Al-Jalīlah fi Musalsalāt ibn ‘Aqilah by Jamāluddīn Muḥammad  ibn Aḥmad ibn Sa‘īd known as Ibn ‘Aqīlah Al-Makki (d. 1150 AH)
  5. Musalsalāt Al-Amīr which is a collection of 13 musalsal mentioned in the collection of the chains (thabat) of Imam Muḥammad  ibn Muḥammad  ibn ‘Abdil-Qādir As-Sanabāwi known as Al-Amīr Al-Kabīr (1145 – 1232 AH).
  1. 5.     The virtues of tasalsul and issues relating to it

In addition to the benefits of preserving the attribute of the chain and linking people to the example of the Prophet ^, the tasalsul makes it easy for the narrator to relate the ḥadīth to an unforgettable experience. It is because of this that some scholars relate anecdotes (laṭā’if) and benefits (nikāt) about some musalsalāt. For instance, when a scholar went to listen to some musalsalāt from a female muḥaddithah and she came across the ḥadīth in which the narrators hold their beard, she realized that she had no beard to hold, so she held her chin instead.

Some scholars also wrote the meanings of some musalsalāt in poetry as Imam ibn Ḥajar Al-‘Asqalāni did in ḥadīth al-awwaliyyah. He wrote:

Whoever shows mercy to those on earth, we are told  إن من يرحم مَن في الأرضِ قد

Will be shown mercy by those in heaven so behold جاءنا يرحمه من في السماء                                          

So, show mercy without distinction to all فارحم الخلق جميعاً إنـما                                                                                         

The Merciful shows mercy to those that are merciful  يرحمُ الرحمــــن منَّــا الرُّحمــاء                                                        

  1. 6.     How to get the full chain of a musalsal and a conclusion on the topic

To be able to get a full chain of a musalsal, you should find the ḥadīth first in the famous collections of musalsalāt. It is preferable and easier to get it from a modern collection like the collection of Shaykh Al-Fādāni or the collection of Al-Ḥāfiẓ ‘Abdul-Ḥayy Al-Kattāni. Then, find the shortest chain that links you to the compiler of the collection and write down the chain and revise it again; it is preferable as well to show it to a specialist if you can to verify it, then memorise your chain all the way back to the Prophet ^ and use it every time you are narrating the musalsal. It is good to try to find the class of the musalsal you are narrating and if a treatise or a volume or even an article has been written on it, it is good to read it. In addition, use every opportunity to call, visit or travel to the scholars who have asānīd and ask them to narrate the musalsalāt they have received to you in order to keep the tasalsul. This will require that you read what are the musalsalāt that has been narrated and obviously this can be found in the collections of musalsalāt. The most comprehensive collection of musalsalāt is the collection included in the thabat of Shaykh ‘Ābid As-Sindi[16] known as: Ḥaṣr Ash-Shārid fi Asānid Muḥammad ‘Ābid.[17] It is important to highlight here that as much as narration is very important, knowing what you are narrating and understanding it is very important and necessary, otherwise the person may be narrating fabricated things unknowingly. In his great collection of his teachers and chains (thabat) our Shaykh ’Usāmah Al-Azhari[18]says: And I advise (the students) to exert their effort in learning the basics of sciences and study the tools of the critique of ḥadīth and not to consume their life in something that can be achieved in a short time. Imam Abu ‘Amr ibn Aṣ-Ṣalāḥ narrates that Abul-Muẓẓaffar ibn Abi Sa‘d As-Sam‘āni narrated from his father from Muḥammad  ibn Nāṣir As-Sallāmi that he heard Fāris ibn Al-Ḥusayn reciting of his own poetry:

O student of knowledge whose main focus is nothing but to narrate

In narration give focus to the understanding of what you do relate

And narrate ‘little’ but know it; for knowledge has no end, so meditate[19]

يا طالبَ العِلمِ الذي * ذهبتْ بمُدتِه الرواية

كن في الرواية ذا العناية * بالروايــــة والدراية

وارو القليل وراعه * فالعلمُ ليس له نهاية

Finally, this article is an open invitation and encouragement to the teachers of knowledge, the seekers of knowledge, the lovers of knowledge, and those who love to listen to it to revive this great tradition of spreading al- musalsalāt and speak about them and bear in mind that it is an honour to be a name in a chain of narrators the first name in which is the Prophet ^. It is important

I would like to conclude by mentioning the ḥadīth of the Prophet ^ that reads: “Be a scholar or a learner or a listener or a lover (i.e. of knowledge and the previous three or to be one of them) and do not be the fifth one otherwise you will be lost.”[20]

Concluding Prayer

I pray to Allah to give us the zeal and the inspiration to seek knowledge and to enable us before seeking it to question our intentions. May Allah bless our days, moments and minutes and make our actions and words fruitful and full of light and barakah and guide us to say what is good and act accordingly. May Allah u make us helpers for those who want to get close to him with guidance and sincere service and bring us not to shame on the day when no wealth nor children will avail. And may the best of prayers and blessings go to our Prophet ^.

O Allah! Use us to deliver Your dīn and enable us to understand what You deliver in Your Book and help us stick to adab with You, Your Messenger ^ and Your righteous slaves.

This article was completed by the grace of Allah just before the dawn of Thursday 7th of Dhul-Ḥijjah 1432 – 3rd of November 2011 by this insignificant sinful slave of Allah.

اللهم صلِّ على سيدنا محمد الفاتح لما أغلق والخاتم لما سبق ناصر الحق بالحق والهادي إلى صراطك المستقيم وعلى آله حق قدره ومقداره العظيم والحمد لله رب العالمين.

 

 

 

Bibliography:

  1. Muḥammad b. Ja‘far Al-Kattāni, Ar-Risālah Al-Mustaṭrafah libayāni Mashhūri Kutubis Sunnatil Musharrafahpublished by Dārul Bashā’ir 1993
  2.  Muḥammad `Abdul-Ḥayy Al- Kattāni, Fihris Al-Fahāris wal Athbāt published by Dārul Gharb Al-Islāmī 1982
  3. Muḥammad ‘Ābid b. Aḥmad  As-Sindi, Ḥaṣr Ash-Shārid fi Asānid Muḥammad ‘Ābid published by Maktabatur Rushd, Riyadh 1424 AH
  4. Muḥammad b. Muḥammad Abū Shahbah, Al-Wasīṭ fi ‘Ulūm wa Muṣṭalaḥ Al-Ḥadīth published by ‘Ālam Al-Ma‘rifah
  5.  Muḥammad Yasīn Al-Fādānī, Al-‘Ujālah  fil Aḥādīth Al-Musalsalah, published by Dārul Basā’ir 1985
  6. Muḥammad b. Muḥammad Al- Al-Amīr, Sadd Al-Arab min ‘Ulūmil Isnādi wal Adab published by Dārul Basā’ir with annotation of Muḥammad Yasīn Al-Fādānī and Maḥmūd Sa‘īd Mamdūḥ
  7. Jalauddīn As-Suyūṭi, Tadrīb Ar-Rāwi bi Sharḥi Taqrībin Nawāwi, published by Maktabatul Kawthar, Riyadh
  8. ’Usāmah Al-Azhari, Mu‘jam Ash-Shuyūkh, published by SOFA Production, Malaysia 2008
  9. Muḥammad ’Āl Rashīd, Imdādul Fattāḥ bi Asānīdi ‘Abdel-Fattāḥ, published by Maktabatul Imāmish Shafi‘ī, Riyadh 1999
  10. Abu ‘Amr ‘Uthman b. ‘Abdirraḥman Al-Kurdi known as Ibn Aṣ-Ṣalāḥ, Ma‘rifatu Anwa‘i ‘Ulūmil Ḥadith, published with annotation of  Nūruddīn ‘Itr by Dārul Fikr
  11. Aḥmad Ayyūb Muḥammad, Mabaḥith fil Ḥadīth Al-Musalsal, unpublished MA, Baghdad 2002
  12. Muḥammad b. Ibrahīm b. Jamā‘ah, Al-Manhal Ar-Rawiy fi Mukhtaṣari ‘Ulūmil Ḥadīthin Nabawiy, published by Darul-Fikr with the annotation of Dr. Muḥyiddīn ‘Abdur-Raḥmān Ramadan 1986

Glossary:

  • Musalsalāt (sing. musalsal) known also al-aḥādīth al-musalsalah (sing. al-adīth al-musalsal): A category of sayings of the Prophet ^ in which the narrators or the narration share the same attribute or state.
  • Ummah: community or group of people or even of any other type of creation like birds or animals.
  • ^: peace and blessings be upon him
  • Sunnah: way or tradition
  • Isnād (pl. asanīd) chain of narrators and used also to refer to the process of narrating something while mentioning the whole chain of narrators
  • Shaykh (pl. Shuyūkh) teacher or religious scholar. Also used for an old man
  • Tasalsul: the state of being adīth al-musalsal or being in a state of connection throughout the chain of narrators
  • uffāẓ (sing. Ḥāfi) someone who has memorised a huge number of aḥādīth.
  • Ḥadīth (pl. aḥādīth): Saying of the Prophet ^
  • Al-Multazam: It is the place between the door of the Ka‘bah and the Black Stone
  • ‘Īd: literally means something that happens over and over again but here refers to one of the two days celebrated by Muslims to commemorate the end of the blessed month of Ramadān and the season of pilgrimage.
  • Sūrah another variation of Sūrat: a chapter of the Qur’an
  • ṣīghat al-adā’: the form of delivering a ḥadīth
  • fuqahā’ (sign. Faqīh): jurists
  • du‘ā: supplication
  • awwaliyyah: The state of being first
  • tāmm: full or complete
  • nāqi: incomplete
  • muaddith (pl. muaddithīn): Scholars of the science of ḥadīth
  • laṭā’if (sing. laṭīfah) literally means something light or nice but here means to anecdote since an  relating an anecdote is a light way of teaching a lesson.
  • Thabat (pl. Athbāt): a collection of the chains and the teachers of a particular Shaykh written by him or one of his students.
  • Adab (pl. ādāb) etiquettes or manners
  • Barakah: blessing
  • Dīn: religion or faith

 


[1] Narrated by Jabir ibn `Abdillah and reported by Al-Qudā‘ī in Musnad Ash-Shihab

[2] Narrated by Imam Aṭ-Ṭabarāni in Al-Mu‘jam Al-Awsaṭ

[3] Reported by Ibn Majah on the authority of Muḥammad b. Yahya from Isma‘il b. Abi Uways from Kathīr b. Abdillah from his father from his grandfather.

[4] As-Suyūṭi, Jalauddīn (849 – 911 AH), Tadrīb Ar-Rāwi Volume 2, page 109 and see also Ibn Jamā‘ah, Badruddīn (639 – 733 AH), Al-Manhal Ar-Rawiy fi Mukhtaṣari ‘Ulūmil Ḥadīthin Nabawiy (published by Darul-Fikr with the annotation of Dr. Muḥyiddīn ‘Abdur-Raḥmān Ramadan)

[5] Muḥammad Al-Murtaḍa b.  Muhammad Al-Ḥusayni Az-Zabīdi known as Abul-Fayḍ and Abul-Waqt born 1145 AH in Belgram in India and died in Cairo in 1205 AH. A great scholar, muḥaddith and linguist of his time. Amongst his works is his commentary on Al-Ghazali’s ‘Revival of Religious Sciences’ and commentary on Al-Qamus Al-Muḥīt known as ‘Tajul ‘Arūs’ in 14 volumes in addition to his 1000 poem in Ḥadīth.

[6] Muḥie Ad-Dīn Yaḥya b. Sharaf An-Nawawi (631 -676 AH) born and died in the city of Nawa in Syria. One of the great luminaries and landmarks in Islamic scholarship, a great authority in jurisprudence and other various sciences and a prolific author.

[7] See As-Suyūṭi, Jalauddīn (849 – 911 AH), Tadrīb Ar-Rāwi and also, Muhammad b. Muhammad Abu Shuhbah, Al-Wasīṭ fi ‘Ulūm wa Muṣṭalaḥ Al-Hadith pages 415, published by `Alam Al-Ma‘rifah.

[8] Shamsuddīn Muhammad b. ‘Abdirraḥman As-Sakhāwi (831 – 902 AH) born in Cairo and died in Madinah. A great scholar of Ḥadīth and a historian and one of the great students of Ibn Ḥajar Al-‘Asqalāni.

[9] Ibn Aṣ-Ṣalāḥ, Abu ‘Amr ‘Uthman b. ‘Abdirraḥman Al-Kurdi (577 – 643 AH) a great scholar of hadith, born in norther Iraq and moved to Mosul and settled in Damascus where he taught at Darul Ḥadith Al-Ashrafiyyah and died there. Of his famous work, his book Ma‘rifatu Anwa‘i ‘Ulūmil Ḥadith known as the Muqaddimah of Ibn Aṣ-Ṣalāḥ.

[10] Ibn Ḥajar, Aḥmad b. `Ali b. Muḥammad Al-Kināni (773 – 852 AH) a great scholar of all times specialising inḥadīth, history and many other sciences, was born and died in Cairo.

[11] Muhammad b. Muhammad Abū  Shahbah, Al-Wasīṭ fi ‘Ulūm wa Muṣṭalaḥ Al-Ḥadīth pages 422, published by ‘Ālam Al-Ma‘rifah

[12]Ibid

 

[13] Muhammad b. Ja‘far Al-Kattani (1274 – 1345 AH), Ar-Risālah Al-Mustaṭrafah li Bayani Mashhūri Kutubis Sunnatil Musharrafah page 85. Published by Darul Bashā’ir, Beirut.

[14] ‘Abdul-Ḥafīẓ Al-Fasi Al-Firhi (1296 – 1383 AH)

[15] ‘Alamuddīn Abul-Fayḍ Muhammad Yasīn Al-Fādāni (1335 – 1410 AH) comes from a family who are originally from Indonesia but born and died in Makkah. He was known to be the reference of narration in the world (musnid ad-dunya) at his time. I narrate from him through my Shaykh Dr. `Ali Jumu‘ah, the Grand Mufti of Egypt and many others.

[16] Muḥammad ‘Ābid b. Aḥmad  As-Sindi Al-Anṣāri An-Naqshabandi from the offspring of the great companion Sayyiduna Abu Ayyūb Al-Anṣāri. He was born in Sind, migrated to Yemen and later settled in Madinah where he died in 1257 AH. His collection of chains (thabat) is known for its comprehensiveness. He narrated from various teachers including the Mufti of Zabīd Shaykh ‘Abdir-Raḥman b. Sulayman Al-Ahdal.

[17] See ‘Abdul-Ḥayy b. Abdil-Kabīr Al-Kattāni’s  Fihris Al-Fahāris wal Athbāt  volume 2, page 665.

[18] `Usāmah b. As-Sayyid b. Maḥmūd b. Muhammad Al-Azhari (b. 1396 AH) a modern scholar and a greatmuḥaddith born in the Egyptian city of Alexandria. He holds a PhD in Ḥadīth and works as a lecturer at Usūl Ad-Dīn Seminary in Al-Azhar University. He also teaches at Al-Azhar Mosque various sciences including logic, theology, principles of Islamic jurisprudence and ḥadīth. He narrates from more than 500 Shuyūkh from different parts of the world and is highly respected amongst scholarly circles in different Muslim countries.  He is a prolific and innovative author as well; amongst his works: The Revival of the Sciences of Ḥadīth, Introduction to the Principles of Tafsīr, The Chains of Egyptians, Mu‘jam Ash-Shuyūkh or Collections of Teachers which is a collection of selected biographies of around 75 of his teachers.

[19] ’Usāmah Al-Azhari, Mu‘jam Ash-Shuyūkh page 108, first edition 2008,  published by SOFA Production, Malaysia.

[20] Narrated by Imam Aṭ-Ṭabarāni in Al-Mu‘jam Al-Awsaṭ

Here follows the download link followed by a succinct article on what precisely is a Musalsal hadith and its specific uniqueness.

Download the work – HERE

source

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ISIS Pakistani operative admits to getting funding through US

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‘An ISIS Pakistani militant has confessed to getting funds via the United States, says a report by a leading Pakistani newspaper.

The ISIS operative, identified as Yousaf al-Salafi, told Pakistan’s law enforcement agencies that he received funding through the US, the Express Tribune reported on Wednesday.

Salafi was taken into custody in December 2014, according to the paper, although other reports said he was arrested on January 22.

“During investigations, Yousaf al Salafi revealed that he was getting funding – routed through America – to run the organization in Pakistan and recruit young people to fight in Syria,” a source close to the investigations made the announcement.’

Read more: ISIS Pakistani operative admits to getting funding through US

 

Head of Kharijites in Libya has been killed

Wahhabism Unveiled

Al Zahawi dead

Praise be to Allah, the head of the Khawarij cult group in Libya has been killed.

Libyan Militant Group Says Its Leader, Mohammed al-Zahawi, Was Killed – NY Times

Mohammed al-Zahawi, who founded his cult under the label “Ansar al-Shariah”, was responsible for a series of attacks against Ahlus Sunnah & the Sufis, including attacks against tombs of companions of the Prophet, tombs of scholars, saints and the martyrs of Islam, attacks on Islamic libraries and other Islamic and historical relics in Libya for which their Wahhabi cult religion has extreme hatred against, as well responsible for carrying out their usual practice of slaughtering and robbing Muslims and non-Muslims as a purification ritual to establish a Wahhabistan in Libya.

Some of the attacks by them in Libya include:

October 2011 – Desecration of the Al-Masry shrine in Tripoli and the extraction from their burial crypts within it of the bodies of two Muslim…

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The Magnificent Quran: A Unique History of Preservation

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The History of the Magnificent Qur’an’, expounds upon the history of the Noble Qur’an, following the journey of the Qur’an, from it’s revelation, all the way through to its compilation and preservation to this date.

‘The History of the Magnificent Qur’an’ provides information on the Qur’an through a unique diversity of means, ranging from historical notes, timelines, diagrams and maps. However, one of the greatest accomplishments of this publication is to display hundreds of stunning and exclusive photos of Quranic manuscripts from around the World. These rare manuscripts, dating back to the 8th Century have been collected from both the prominent cities and remote communities of the Islamic world. These rare manuscripts have been showcased individually across the world, and for the first time their images have been compiled together in this historic publication. This  publication  displays manuscripts from Exhibition Islam Collection (UK), Topkapi Palace (Turkey) and the British Library (UK).

Pages: 584
Size cm: 30×34
Binding: Hardcove With Box
Year of Publication: 2010

Download link – here

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Tony Blair’s insatiable greed exposed by his secret deal with Saudi Arabia

John Stevens 22 January 2015. Posted in News

Since he stood down as prime minister, Tony Blair has amassed a personal fortune worth many tens of millions, but he wants more, as this secret deal with Saudi Arabia shows.

Tony Blair and Saudi king

Deal: Tony Blair in 2010 with King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia. Blair signed a contract with PetroSaudi, a firm founded by the king’s son

Tony Blair’s statement 22/01/15, on the death of brutal dictator King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, one of the world’s most repressive regimes:
I knew him well and admired him greatly. Despite the turmoil of events in the region around him, he remained a stable and sound ally, was a patient and skilful moderniser of his country leading it step by step into the future.”


TONY BLAIR has amassed a personal fortune since standing down as prime minister – often acting as an adviser to controversial businesses and regimes.But yesterday the hefty fees he charges to act as a go-between were revealed.

A previously secret contract with a Saudi oil company headed by a member of the country’s royal family has been leaked showing Mr Blair charging £41,000 a month and 2 per cent commission on any of the multi-million-pound deals he helped broker.

The emergence of the Saudi deal led to new criticism of Mr Blair’s role as a Middle East envoy, but he strongly denied there is a conflict of interest.

The contract between Tony Blair Associates and PetroSaudi signed in November 2010, said Mr Blair would personally arrange introductions to his contacts in China, such as senior politicians.

He had already attracted scathing criticism after it emerged that he had given Kazakhstan’s autocratic president, Nursultan Nazarbayev, advice on how to manage his image after the slaughter of 14 unarmed civilians.

Mr Blair has said claims that he is worth £100million are ‘greatly exaggerated’. But the Saudi contract shows how much he has been able to charge for his services. Since leaving Downing Street in 2007, he has amassed a fortune including a property portfolio of 31 homes worth at least £25million.

He is one of the world’s best paid speakers – earning up to £150,000 a speech – and has secured advisory roles with US investment bank JP Morgan and Swiss insurer Zurich International.

The Saudi contract stated that Tony Blair Associates would help find potential sources of new investment and added that Mr Blair would make ‘introductions to the senior political leadership, industrial policymakers, corporate entities and other persons in China identified and deemed by us and you to be relevant to PetroSaudi’s international strategy’.

The firm agreed it would not divulge his role without permission. The contract read: ‘Each party will ensure that no announcements, statements or documentation containing any reference to either party or to Tony Blair will be published or made without the prior express written consent of the other party.’

The oil firm was founded by Saudi businessman Tarek Obaid and Prince Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud, a son of Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah, and has projects in Ghana, Indonesia, Venezuela and Tunisia.

Critics have already said Mr Blair is not suitable for his role as a Middle East peace envoy, in which he is a representative of the quartet of the UN, the EU, the US and Russia, because of his business interests in the region.

Oliver Miles, a former ambassador to Libya, who signed a letter in June that argued Mr Blair’s responsibility for the Iraq crisis and lack of transparency of his interests, said this was the latest example of why he was wrong for the unpaid role.

‘The fact this was kept a secret, or was intended to be kept secret, was a mistake,’ he told the Sunday Times.

But a spokesman for Mr Blair stressed the consultancy work was related to China not the Middle East. He said: ‘Tony Blair Associates worked for PetroSaudi for a period of months over four years ago.

‘This was in connection with an issue in the Far East and nothing whatsoever to do with the Middle East or the unpaid ex-officio role of Tony Blair for the quartet in Palestine.’

PetroSaudi said Mr Blair was engaged on a confidential basis to help develop business in China and the work lasted ‘about four or five months maximum’.

Saudi Arabia has come under fire over its human rights record. Amnesty International has said that more than 2,000 people were executed there between 1985 and 2013.

Mr Blair was criticised over his decision in 2006 to halt a Serious Fraud Office investigation into alleged corruption over a multi-billion-pound arms deal between BAE Systems and Saudi Arabia.

Jobs that helped Tony Blair amass a personal fortune

  • June 2007 Appointed Middle East envoy. Salary/fee – None
  • Jan 2008 Appointed adviser to JP Morgan. Salary/fee – £l million a year
  • Man 2008 Appointed adviser to Zurich International. Salary/fee – £500,000 a year
  • Aug 2008 Appointed adviser to South Korea’s Ul Energy Corporation. Salary/fee – Unknown
  • Feb 2009 Appointed adviser to government of Kuwait on good governance. Salary/fee – £8 million a year
  • July 2009 Takes role with United Arab Emirates investment fund Mubadala. Salary/fee – £1 million a year
  • Jan 2010 Appointed adviser I to Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton. Salary/fee – Unknown
  • Nov 2010 Secret contract with a Saudi oil company headed by a member of the country’s royal family. Salary/fee £41,000 a month and 2 per cent commission on any of the deals he helped broker.
  • Oct 2011 Appointed adviser to Kazakhstan government. Salary /fee – £8 million a year
  • Nov 2012 Appointed adviser to Sao Paulo state government. Reported salary/ fee – Unknown
  • July 2014 Appointed adviser to the consortium behind the gas line from Azerbaijan to Italy. Salary/fee – Unknown

Source: Mail Online

Salafis tamper Abu Uthman al-Sabuni’s Book

“Hani Hussein” said:


Abu-Uthman Ass-Saboni was a great Ash’ari and Sufi scholar. I’ve browsed through the above mentioned book in the past and can say it is mostly written in accordance with the Sunni creed but in conformity with the school of absolute acceptance ‘Tafweed’ rather  than the figurative expressions ‘Ta’aweel’ school, both of course are accepted ways in dealing with texts which attribute  impossibilities to Allah if understood literally.

Abu-Uthman Ass-Saboni was one of the Sunni scholars, along with Imam Al- Juieni and Imam Al-Qushieri, who were persecuted in the infamous ordeal which took place in Neishabour, in modern day Iran, and led many of them to depart their homeland. He was one of the scholars who signed on Al-Qusheieri’s declaration in defense of Asha�aris.

However, the book in the question has been published and printed by the Hashwi Whabis, and thus one can’t be sure of the authenticity of the text.

Actually Shiekh ‘Al-Azhari’ of Rayaheen forum, http://cb.rayaheen.net/index.php,  discovered some forgery in the different published copies of the book; take for example this early edition published in Kuwait:

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In which you will find :

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Now, if you can read Arabic you will see clearly in the footnote that the Wahabi  publisher mentions that he replaced the word ‘tomb’ in the original text by Imam Saboni: ‘I traveled to Hijaz with intention to vist the tomb of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH)’ with the word ‘mosque’. The justification provided was of course that having such intention to visit the tomb is an act of polytheism ‘Sherk’!

So Imam Saboni is a ‘Mushrek’ and an idol worshiper and yet they baldly relate themselves to him!

Then came along another Whabi but an honest one this time, and he published the book without the previous manipulation:

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As you can see he kept the word ‘tomb’ as it is and just settled for adding a foot note criticizing Imam Saboni for using it with a referral to Ibn Tyimia books.

The odd thing is that each publisher wrote the name of the Imam on the cover differently. The first printed it ‘Abu Uthman Ismaiel ibn Abdulrahman’ which is correct, while the other printed ‘Abu Ismiel Abdulrahman ibn Ismaiel’ which is wrong.

Then a third Whabi publisher published the book, and this time he forged the text, just as the first one, but threw away the foot notes all together so that no one would notice it:

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This latest edition is the one most widely distributed amongst  Wahabis. It is published on Wahabi sites all over the net and is most frequently quoted by them.

Finally, one must mention that many researchers stated that there are many differences between the published text and the manuscripts. In addition to that, the chain of narration, ‘the sanad’, of the book itself is under scrutiny and needs to be revised and reconsidered. It passes through some who were accused of being frank anthropomorphists or pro-anthropomorphism. All this of course casts doubts about the published text.

In spite of the above mentioned, I can say that what is published today as Imam Saboni’s  Ageeda is generally accepted and goes along with the merits of ‘Tafweed’.

You can read more in this link in Arabic:

http://cb.rayaheen.n…d.php?tid=11710

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